UPSC Syllabus

Preliminary Examination
The Examination shall comprise two compulsory papers of 200 marks each.
Paper I - (200 marks) Duration : Two hours
Current events of national and international importance.
History of India and Indian National Movement.
Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of
India and the World.
Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System,
Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
Economic and Social Development -Sustainable Development, Poverty,
Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate
Change - that do not require subject specialisation
General Science.
Paper II - (200 marks) Duration : Two hours
Interpersonal skills including communication skills;  
Logical  reasoning  and  analytical ability 
Decision -making  and   problem –solving
General mental ability
Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations,  orders of  magnitude, etc.)(Class X level),
Data interpretation( charts ,  graphs , tables ,  data sufficiency etc. - Class X level)       
English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level).
Note 1 : Questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills of Class X level (last item in the Syllabus of PaperII) will  be tested through passages  from English language only without providing Hindi translation thereof in the question paper.
Note 2 : The questions will be of multiple choice, objective type.
Note 3:  It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the Papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination for the purpose of evaluation.  Therefore a candidate will be disqualified in case he/ she does not appear in both the papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination

The main Examination is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and depth of understanding
of candidates rather than merely the range of their information and memory.
The nature and standard of questions in the General Studies papers (Paper II to Paper V) will be
such that a well-educated person will be able to answer them without any specialized study. The questions
will be such as to test a candidate’s general awareness of a variety of subjects, which will have relevance for
a career in Civil Services. The questions are likely to test the candidate’s basic understanding of all relevant
issues, and ability to analyze, and take a view on conflicting socio- economic goals, objectives and demands.
The candidates must give relevant, meaningful and succinct answers.
The scope of the syllabus for optional subject papers (Paper VI and Paper VII) for the examination is
broadly of the honours degree level i.e. a level higher than the bachelors’ degree and lower than the masters’
degree. In the case of Engineering, Medical Science and law, the level corresponds to the bachelors’
Syllabi of the papers included in the scheme of Civil Services (Main) Examination are given as follows:-

The aim of the paper is to test the candidates’s ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian Language concerned.
The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:‐
(i) Comprehension of given passages
(ii) Precis Writing
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary
(iv) Short Essay.
Indian Languages:‐
(i) Comprehension of given passages.
(ii) Precis Writing
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.
(iv) Short Essay
(v) Translation from English to the Indian language and vice‐versa.
Note 1: The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.

Note 2 : The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).

Essay: Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given.
They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to
write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.
English Comprehension & English Precis will be to test the English language Comprehension and English
précis writing skills (at 10th standard level).
General Studies- I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.
Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to
modern times.
Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant
events, personalities, issues
The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different
parts of the country.
Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars,
redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism,
capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and
developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
Effects of globalization on Indian society
Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
Salient features of world’s physical geography.
Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent);
factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in
various parts of the world (including India)
Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,
geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies
and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.
Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions
and basic structure.
Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the
federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges
and issues arising out of these.
Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments
of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various
Constitutional Bodies.
Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of
their design and implementation.
Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and
associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the
protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,
Education, Human Resources.
Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications,
models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and
institutional and other measures.
Role of civil services in a democracy.
India and its neighborhood- relations.
Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s
Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian
Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and
Disaster Management.
Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and
Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
Government Budgeting.
Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and
irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related
constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution
System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security;
Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and
downstream requirements, supply chain management.
Land reforms in India.
Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
Investment models.
Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new
Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and
issues relating to intellectual property rights.
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
Disaster and disaster management.
Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking
sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with
Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
General Studies- IV: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude
This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity,
probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing
with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad
areas will be covered.
Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions;
dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the
lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and
educational institutions in inculcating values.
Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and
political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship,
objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weakersections.
Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns
and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as
sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral
values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity;
Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of
Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds,
challenges of corruption.
Case Studies on above issues.
Optional Subject Papers I & II
Candidates may choose any optional subject from amongst the list of subjects given in para 2 (Group 1).
However, if a candidate has graduated in any of the literatures of languages indicated in Group-2 , with the
literature as the main subject, then the candidate can also opt for that particular literature subject as an
optional subject.

Part B - Main Examination - Optional Subjects Syllabus
 Subject : Philosophy
History and Problems of Philosophy:
1. Plato and Aristotle: Ideas; Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality and Potentiality.
2. Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz): Cartesian Method and Certain Knowledge; Substance; God; Mind-Body Dualism; Determinism and Freedom.
3. Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume): Theory of Knowledge; Substance and Qualities; Self and God; Scepticism.
4. Kant: Possibility of Synthetic a priori Judgments; Space and Time; Categories; Ideas of Reason; Antinomies; Critique of Proofs for the Existence of God
5. Hegel: Dialectical Method; Absolute Idealism
6. Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein: Defence of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols; Picture Theory of Meaning; Saying and Showing.
7. Logical Positivism: Verification Theory of Meaning; Rejection of Metaphysics; Linguistic Theory of Necessary Propositions.
8. Later Wittgenstein: Meaning and Use; Language- games; Critique of Private Language.
9. Phenomenology (Husserl): Method; Theory of Essences; Avoidance of Psychologism.
10. Existentialism (Kierkegaard, Sartre, Heidegger): Existence and Essence; Choice, Responsibility and Authentic Existence; Being-in-the –world and Temporality.
11. Quine and Strawson: Critique of Empiricism; Theory of Basic Particulars and Persons.
12. Carvaka : Theory of Knowledge; Rejection of Transcendent Entities.
13. Jainism: Theory of Reality; Saptabhaòginaya; Bondage and Liberation.
14. Schools of Buddhism: Pratîtyasamutpada; Ksanikavada, Nairatmyavada
15. Nyaya- Vaiúesika: Theory of Categories; Theory of Appearance; Theory of Pramana; Self, Liberation; God; Proofs for the Existence of God; Theory of Causation; Atomistic Theory of Creation.
16. Samkhya: Prakrti; Purusa; Causation; Liberation
17. Yoga: Citta; Cittavrtti; Klesas; Samadhi; Kaivalya.
18. Mimamsa: Theory of Knowledge
19. Schools of Vedanta: Brahman; Îúvara; Atman; Jiva; Jagat; Maya; Avidya; Adhyasa; Moksa; Aprthaksiddhi; Pancavidhabheda
20. Aurobindo: Evolution, Involution; Integral Yoga.
Socio-Political Philosophy
Social and Political Ideals: Equality, Justice, Liberty.
Sovereignty: Austin, Bodin, Laski, Kautilya.
Individual and State: Rights; Duties and Accountability
Forms of Government: Monarchy; Theocracy and Democracy.
Political Ideologies: Anarchism; Marxism and Socialism
Humanism; Secularism; Multiculturalism.
Crime and Punishment: Corruption, Mass Violence, Genocide, Capital Punishment.
Development and Social Progress.
Gender Discrimination: Female Foeticide, Land and Property Rights; Empowernment.
Caste Discrimination: Gandhi and Ambedkar
Philosophy of Religion:
Notions of God: Attributes; Relation to Man and the World. (Indian and Western).
Proofs for the Existence of God and their Critique (Indian and Western).
Problem of Evil.
Soul: Immortality; Rebirth and Liberation.
Reason, Revelation and Faith.
Religious Experience: Nature and Object (Indian and Western).
Religion without God.
Religion and Morality.
Religious Pluralism and the Problem of Absolute Truth.
Nature of Religious Language: Analogical and Symbolic; Cognitivist and Noncognitive.

Main Examination Optional Subjects Syllabus
Subject : Sociology
1. Sociology - The Discipline: 
(a) Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology. 
(b) Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences. 
(c) Sociology and common sense.
2. Sociology as Science: 
(a) Science, scientific method and critique.
(b) Major theoretical strands of research methodology.
(c) Positivism and its critique.
(d) Fact value and objectivity.
(e) Non- positivist methodologies.
3. Research Methods and Analysis:
(a) Qualitative and quantitative methods.
(b) Techniques of data collection.
(c) Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity.
4. Sociological Thinkers:
(a) Karl Marx- Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.
(b) Emile Durkheim- Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion and society. 
(c) Max Weber- Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism.
(d) Talcolt Parsons- Social system, pattern variables.
(e) Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups.
(f) Mead - Self and identity.
5. Stratification and Mobility:
(a) Concepts- equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation. 
(b) Theories of social stratification- Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory.
(c) Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race.
(d) Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility.
     6. Works and Economic Life:
     (a) Social organization of work in different types of society- slave society, feudal society,       industrial /capitalist society. 
     (b) Formal and informal organization of  work.
     (c) Labour and society.
7. Politics and Society:
(a) Sociological theories of power.
(b) Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties.
(c) Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
(d) Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.
8. Religion and Society:
(a) Sociological theories of religion.
(b) Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults. 
(c) Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism.
9. Systems of Kinship:
(a) Family, household, marriage.
(b) Types and forms of family.
(c) Lineage and descent.
(d) Patriarchy and sexual division of labour.
(e) Contemporary trends.
10. Social Change in Modern Society:
(a) Sociological theories of social change.
(b) Development and dependency.
(c) Agents of social change.
(d) Education and social change.
(e) Science, technology and social change.
A. Introducing Indian Society:
(i) Perspectives on the study of Indian society:
(a) Indology (GS. Ghurye).
(b) Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas).
(c) Marxist sociology (A R Desai).
(ii) Impact of colonial rule on Indian society:
(a) Social background of Indian nationalism.
(b) Modernization of Indian tradition.
(c) Protests and movements during the colonial period.
(d) Social reforms.
B. Social Structure:
(i) Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:
(a) The idea of Indian village and village studies.
(b) Agrarian social structure - evolution of land tenure system, land reforms.
(ii) Caste System:
(a) Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.
(b) Features of caste system.
(c) Untouchability - forms and perspectives.
(iii) Tribal communities in India:
(a) Definitional problems.
(b) Geographical spread.
(c) Colonial policies and tribes.
(d) Issues of integration and autonomy.
(iv) Social Classes in India:
(a) Agrarian class structure.
(b) Industrial class structure.
(c) Middle classes in India.
(v) Systems of Kinship in India:
(a) Lineage and descent in India.
(b) Types of kinship systems.
(c) Family and marriage in India.
(d) Household dimensions of the family.
(e) Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour.
(vi) Religion and Society:
(a) Religious communities in India.
(b) Problems of religious minorities.
C. Social Changes in India:
(i) Visions of Social Change in India:
(a) Idea of development planning and mixed economy.
(b) Constitution, law and social change.
(c) Education and social change.
(ii) Rural and Agrarian transformation in India:
(a) Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.
(b) Green revolution and social change. 
(c) Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture .
(d) Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration.
(iii) Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:
(a) Evolution of modern industry in India.
(b) Growth of urban settlements in India.
(c) Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization.
(d) Informal sector, child labour.
(e) Slums and deprivation in urban areas.
(iv) Politics and Society:
(a) Nation, democracy and citizenship.
(b) Political parties, pressure groups , social and political elite.
(c) Regionalism and decentralization of power. 
(d) Secularization
(v) Social Movements in Modern India:
(a) Peasants and farmers movements.
(b) Women’s movement.
(c) Backward classes & Dalit movement.
(d) Environmental movements.
(e) Ethnicity and Identity movements.
(vi) Population Dynamics:
(a) Population size, growth, composition and distribution. 
(b) Components of population growth: birth, death, migration.
(c) Population policy and family planning.
(d) Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health.
(vii) Challenges of Social Transformation:
(a) Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustainability. 
(b) Poverty, deprivation and inequalities. 
(c) Violence against women.
(d) Caste conflicts.
(e) Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.
(f) Illiteracy and disparities in education.

CG PSC Syllabus

"State Service Preliminary Examination"
The question paper will be in Hindi and English both. In case of any
doubt the Hindi version will prevail.
The paper wise syllabi of thePreliminary Examination is as following-
Question Paper 1 General Studies
(Questions 100, Marks 200), Time : 2 hours
· (There shall be 50 Questions from Part-’1' & Part-’2' each. Each
question will carry 2 marks) 02 marks will be awarded for each right
answer and 01 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer. Marks
obtained = 2R - W (where R stands for number of right answers and
W stands for number of wrong answers.)
PART- '1'- General Studies: -
1. History of India and Indian National Movement.
2. Physical, Social & Economic Geography of India.
3. Constitution of India &, Polity.
4. Indian Economy.
5. General Science & Techonlogy.
6. Indian Philosphy, Art, Litereture & Culture.
7. Current Affairs & Sports.
8. Environment.
1. History of Chhattisgarh, & Contribution of Chhattisgarh in Freedom
2. Geography, Climate, Physical status, Census, Archeological and
Tourist Centres of Chhattisgarh.
3. Litrature, Music, Dance, Art and Culture, Idioms and Proverbs,
Puzzle/riddle (tuÅyk), Singing (gkuk) of Chhattisgarh.
4. Tribes, Special Traditions, Teej and Festivals of Chhattisgarh.
5. Economy, Forest and Agriculture of Chhattisgarh.
6. Administrative Structure, Local Government and Panchayatiraj of
7. Industry in Chhattisgarh, Energy, Water and Mineral Resource of
8. Current Affairs of Chhattisgarh.
Question Paper 2
Aptitude Test (Questions 100, Marks 200), Time :2 hours.
02 marks will be awarded for each right answer and 01 mark will be
deducted for each wrong answer. Marks obtained = 2R - W (where R
stands for number of right answers and W stands for number of wrong
1. Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
2. Logical reasoning and analytical ability
3. Decision making and problem solving
4. General mental ability
5. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude
etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data
sufficiency etc. -Class X level)
6. Knowledge of Hindi Language (Class X level).
7. Knowledge of Chhattisgarhi Language.
Knowledge of Hindi Language and Chhattisgarhi Language
will be tested in Hindi and Chhattisgarhi Language only, without
providing translation.

State Services Main Examination
(Marks: 200, Duration: 3 hours)
Section - 01 - General Hindi ¼lkekU; fgUnh½
Hkk"kk&ck/sk] lfa{kIr y[sku] i;kZ;okph ,oa foykse 'kCn] lekPspfjr
'kCnks ds vFkZ Hksn] okD;k'ka ds fy, ,d lkFkZd 'kCn] lfa/k ,oa
lfa/k&foPNsn] lkekfld injpuk ,o a lekl&foxzg] rRle ,oa rn~Hko
'kCn] 'kCn 'kfq)] okD; 'kfq)] milxZ ,o a izR;;] eqgkojas ,oa ykdskfsDr ¼vFkZ
,oa iz;ksx½] i= ys[ku] fgUnh lkfgR; ds bfrgkl esa dky foHkktu ,oa
ukedj.k] NRrhlx< ds lkfgR;dkj ,oa mudh jpuk,a
Section - 02 - General Sanskrit ¼lkekU; laLd`r½ &
lfa/k% & lfa/k foPNsn] lfa/k uke] lfa/k] 'kCn :i%&LojkUr] O;¥t~ ukUr]
louZke] l[a;kokph] okP;&ifjoruZ &dkjd foHkfDr;k&aWa vuoqkn& fgUnh
ls lLad`r] lLad`r ls fgUnh] vO;;] lekl ds lHkh izdkj] foxgz ,oa
lkekfld 'kCn] jpuk%&fucU/k] vifBr x|k'ak] i=&y[sku] lHqkkf’krkfuA
Section - 03 - General English
Comprehension, Precis Writing, Re arrangement and Correction
of Sentences, Synonyms, Antonyms, Filling the Blanks, Correction of
Spellings, Vocabulary and usage, Idioms and Phrases, Tenses,
Prepositions, Active Voice and Passive voice, Parts of Speech,
Translation- English to Hindi, Letter writing.
Section - 04 - Chhattisgarhi Language ¼NRrhlx<+h Hkk"kk½ &
NRrhlx<h+ Hkk"kk dk Kku] NRrhlx<h+ Hkk"kk dk fodkl ,oa bfrgkl]
NRrhlx<h+ Hkk"kk dk lkfgR; ,oa izeq[k lkfgR;dkj] NRrhlx<+h dk
O;kdj.k] fgUnh ls NRrhlx<h+ ,oa NRrhlx<h+ ls fgUnh iz'kklfud
(Marks: 200, Duration- 3 hours)
Candidates will have to write two essays on problems (Reason,
present status including data and solution) from each section. Three
problems will be given in each section; candidate will have to write
essay on each section about 1500 words. Each section will carry 100
Section I : Problems of National level
Section II : Problems relating to the State of Chhattisgarh
History, Constitution and Public Administration
(Marks 200, Duration 3 hours)
Indus Civilization, Vedic Civilization, Jainism and Buddhism, Rise
of Magadh Empire, Mauryan Polity and Economy, Gupta Empire,
Development of Art, Architecture, Literature & Science In Gupta-
Vakataka Period. Bhakti Movement, Sufism, Growth of Literature in
regional Languages, Vijaya Nagar Kingdom, Rise of Marathas, Advent
of Europeans and factors leading to the British Supremacy, Expansion
of British Empire- Wars and diplomacy, Rural Economy-Agriculture,
Land Revenue Systems - Permanent Settlement, Ryotwari, Mahalwari,
Decline of handicrafts, Relation of East India Company with States,
Changes in Administrative Structure, Urban Economy after 1858,
Development of Railways, Industrialization, Constitutional Development.
Rise of Nationalism, The Revolt of 1857, Establishment of Indian
National Congress, Partition of Bengal and Swadeshi Movement, Rise
and Growth of Communalism, Revolutionary Movements, Home Rule
Movement, Gandhian Movements, Workers, Peasant and Tribal
Movements, Quit India Movement, Indian National Army,
Independence and Partition of India, Merger of States, Socio- Religious
Reform Movements - Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj, Prarthna Samaj,
Ram Krishna Mission.
History of Chhattisgarh from Vedic age to Gupta Period, Major
dynasties like Rajarshitulya Kula, Nala, Sharabhpuriyas, Pandu,
Somvanshis etc. The Kalchuris and their Administration, Chhattisgarh
under the Marathas, Former princely states of Chhattisgarh and
Zamindaris, British Rule in Chhattisgarh, Feudatory States, Revolt of
1857, Freedom Movement in Chhattisgarh, Workers, Peasant and
Tribal Movements, Constitution of Chhattisgarh State.
Historical background of Indian Constitution ( 1773-1950), Salient
Features of Constitution, Preamble, Nature of Constitution, Part IIIFundamental
Rights, Part IV- Directive Principles of State Policy, Right
to Constitutional Remedies,( writs), Judicial Review and Judicial
Activism, Fundamental Duties, The Union- Executive, Parliament,
Supreme Court, Attorney General, The State- Executive, Legislative,
High Courts, Advocate General and Subordinate Courts, Relations
between the Union and the States- Distribution of legislative powers,
administrative relations, financial relations, Services under the Union
and the States. All India Services, Union and State Public Service
Commissions. Tribunals and Administrative Tribunals, Election and
Election Commission, Special provisions relating to Scheduled Castes,
Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes, Panchayat and Municipalities,
Official Language- Language of the Union and Regional Languages,
Emergency Provisions, Amendment of the Constitution, Concept of
the basic structure, Schedules, Constitutional Amendments update.
Public Administration - Meaning, Scope, Nature and Importance.
Public Administration and Private Administration under Liberalization.
New Public Administration, Development Administration and
Comparative Public Administration, New dimensions of Public
Administration. State vs. Bazar. Rule of Law, Organization- Principles,
Approaches, structure. Management- leadership, policy formulation,
decision making theory. Tools of Administrative Management- Coordination,
Delegation, Communication, Supervision and Motivation,
Administrative Reforms, Good Governance, Bureaucracy, District
Administration , Theory of Natural Justice. Control over Administration
in India- Parliamentary, Financial, Judicial and Executive Control. Lokpal
and Lok Ayukta. Right to Information, Concept of State, Sovereignty,
Democracy- Direct and Indirect. Parliamentary and Presidential,
Federal and Unitary Government. Theory of Separation of Power.
(Marks 200, Duration 3 hours)
Rate of chemical reaction and chemical elqulibruim - Preliminary
knowledge of rate of chemical reaction. Fast and slow chemical
reactions. Reversible and ireversible chemical reactions. Reversible
reaction and dynamic nature of equilibrium. Acids and bases. pH scale
[simple numerical questions. Exothermic and endothermic reactions.
Some important chemcial compounds - properties and uses. Method
of production manufacture [water, washing soda, baking soda bleaching
powder and plaster of Paris.] preparation of building material-lime
cement glass and steel. Metals - Position of metals in the periodic table
and general properties. Metal, mineral ore. Difference between mineral
and ore. Metallurgy-concentration, roasting, smelting, refining of ores.
Metallurgy of copper and Iron. corrosion of metals. Alloys. Nonmetals
- Position of nonmetals in the periodic table. Preparation properties
and uses of Hydrogen oxygen and nitrogen. Some important organic
compunds - laboratory method of preparing alcohol and acetic acid,
properties and uses some general artifical polymers, polythene, polyvinyl
choloride. Teflon soap and detergents.
Source of Energy - Conventional and new sources of neergy, source
of solar energy, causes of origin of energy in the Sun, soalr heating
devices, solar cooker solar cell, wind energy, biogas, fossil fuels, ideal
fuel properties of ideal fuel. Nuclear energy, nuclear Fission, Fusion,
chain reaction, nuclear reactor, uses and harms of nuclear energy.
General information about CREDA. Light - nature of light reflection of
light, laws of reflection, reflection from plane and curved surface, image
formation by plane convex and concave mirror, relation between focal
length and redius of curvature, determination of focal length of concave
miror by single pin method. [Relation between u-v-f [numerical
examples. Refraction of light - laws of refraction, refraction by glass
slab, critical angle, total internal reflection, use of total internal reflection
in daily life. lens [converging and diverging lens. Definition focal length
optical centre image formation by lens. Human eye, its defects and
remedies. Comparison between photographic camera and human eye.
Simple telescope and astronomical telescope. Construction working,
uses, ray diagram [no formula derivation]. Electricity and its effects -
electric intensity, potential, potential difference, electric curent Ohm’s
law. Resistance specfic resistance, influencing factors, combination of
resistance and related numerical examples thermal effect of current it’s
use, calculation of power and electrical energy spent. (numerical)
precautions observed in electric experiments. Chemical effects of electric
current. Primary and secondary cells their properties and drawback.
Leclanche cell, dry cell, lead accumulator cell, construction. Magneticefect
 of current - Magnetic effet of current, Oersted experiment, electro
magnetic induction, electric motor, working principle and use of
generator, general studies of alternating current and direct current, electric
discharge in gases, discharge tube, cathode rays, X-rays and their
properties. Magnetism - Magnet and it’s types artificial magnet, methods
of preparing magnets, molecular theory of magnetism, demagnetization,
magnetic keepers, magnetic lines of force and their properties. Plotting
the lines of force Terrestriel magnetism, magnetic storm. magnetic
meridian geographical meridiaan, relation between VHI and θ.
Animal nutrition - Types of nutition, Autotrophic Nutrition,
neterotrophic Nutrition, Holozoic, Parasitic, Saphrophytic, ‘symbiotic,
Insectivorons. Important terms of nutrition process. Digestion in
unicellulor cellanimal [amoeba] and multicellulor animal grass hopper.
Human digestive system and digestive process. Photosynthesis, amin
steps of the process. light reaction and dark reaction. Factors influencing
Photosynthesis. Experiments related to photo synthesis. Respiration -
Definition, respiratory organs of animals breathing and respiration, Types
of respiration, Aerobic and anaerobic respiration, respiratory system
of humanbeing and mechanism of respiration [general information],
respiratory quotient [RQ] of carbohydrate, fat and protein. Transport
of mineral and water in plants and animals [in context of human being]
Compositionand function of blood, structure and working of heart,
structure and function of blood vessels [preliminary knowledge]
coagulation of blood, blood group, blood transfusion, blood bank,
function of lymph system. diseases related to heart. Exceretion -
excretion in plants and excretory product. Excretion in animal and
excretory organs. Excretion system of man and excretion process
[general information] artifical kidney dialysis. Osmoregulation. Diseases
related to kidney. Control and coordination - coordination in plants
and naimal Phytoharmones. Nervous system of human being. Structure
and function of human Brain and spinal cord, reflex action, endocringe
glands harmone and their function. Reproduction and growth - type of
reproduction Asexual reproduction fission, budding, regeneration,
vegetative reproduction, layering, cutting, grafting, Porthenogenesis,
sexual reproduction in plants, structure of flower and reproduction
process [general information] pollination fertilization. Human
reproductive system and reproduction process. Heredity and evolution
- heredity and variation. basis of heredity chromosome and DNA
[preliminary information] gene. sex determination priliminary knowledge
of organic evolution [Oparin’s theory only].
National policy of science and technology and changes in the policy
from time to time, purpose of technology. Space programme in India
and its applications with special reference to industrial, agricultural and
other rural developmental activities, INSAT and IRS systems. Role of
Information Technology in Rural India, basic knowledge of computers,
computers in communication and broadcasting, software development
for economic growth. Broad applications of IT. Energy Resources :
Energy demands, renewable and nonrenewable energy resources,
nuclear energy, the development and its utilization in the country. Current
Science & Technology developments in India, origin of agriculture,
Progress of Agricultural Science and its impacts, Crop science in India,
Fertilizers, Control of pests and disease scenario in India.
Bio-diversity and its conservation - General introduction -
defination, species and genetic diversity, Bio-geographic classification
of India, Importance of Bio-Diversity - Constructive and Distructive
application, Importance of social, moral and alternative vision, Global,
National and Local level Bio-diversity, India as a wide diversity nation,
Hotspots of Biodiversity, threats to biodiversity, Residential damage,
damage to wildlife, humans and wild animals struggle, India’s threatened
(endangered) and local species, Conservation of bio-diversity,
Topological and Nontopological conservation. Enviromental pollution
- Reason effect and conservation - Air pollution, water pollution, see
pollution, soil pollution, sound/noise pollution, thermal pollution, nuclear
pollution. Solid waste managment - Urban and Industrial solid waste
management: reason, effect and control, Human role in pollution control,
Disaster Management, Floods, Earthquake, Cyclones and Landslide.
Human Population and Environment, Population growth, Variation in
the population in various countries. Population explosion and Family
Welfare Programme. Environment and Human health.
(Marks 200, Duration 3 hours)
National and per capita income, Structural changes in the Indian
Economy ( GDP and work force), Changes in the role of Public and
Private Sectors and their shares in the total plan outlay of the latest
plan, Economic Reforms, problems of poverty and unemployment ,
magnitude and measures initiative to ameliorate them, Monetary Policystructure
of Indian Banking and non-banking financial institutions and
reforms in them since 1990s. Regulation of Credit by RBI. Pattern of
Revenue, Expenditure, Public Debt, fiscal deficit and effects on the
Indian Planning- Objectives , Priorities, Planning Commission and
its functions. Specific objectives of the latest Five Year Plan, evaluation
and problems. Bharat Nirman Yojna, MNREGA, Procedure in financial
matters in Constitution of India, Financial relation between Union and
States, Comptroller & Auditor-General of India.
Physical features, location & extent, Physical Divisions and Drainage
System, Climate , soil types, Vegetation and their importance, flora
and fauna. Human Features Population Growth, Density and
Distribution. Infant and Maternal Mortality rate etc.
Demographic features and social backwardness of the Scheduled
Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Backward classes and Minorities. Literacy
and occupation structure, changes in the sectoral distribution of income
and employment. Socio, Political and Economic empowerment of
Women. Child Labour problem. Rural Development, State Finance
and Budgetary policy- Tax structure, Sharing Central Taxes, Expenditure
pattern in Revenue and Capital Account as well as plan and non-plan
expenditure. Public Debt composition- Internal and External Debt
including World Bank loans, Institutional and non-institutional sources
of Rural Credit in Chhattisgarh. Structure and growth of Co-operatives
and their shares in total credit adequacy and problems.
Agriculture and Forest in Chhattisgarh, Structure of Agriculture
output. Administered prices including minimum support and
procurement prices. Public Distribution System in Chhattisgarh.
Cropping pattern, means of irrigation and their importance,
modernization of agriculture, agricultural problems and planning, Growth
and Structure of Industries in Chhattisgarh- large, medium, small and
tiny sectors. their comparison, growth, weaknesses and problems,
Natural Resources, Minerals, Energy and Water Resources, Thermal
and Hydel Electricity Projects, Solar Energy, Forest and Mineral based
Industries in Chhattisgarh.
Mathematics and Reasoning Ability
(Marks 200, Duration 3 hours)
SECTION-01 - Rational Numbers - Addition, subtraction,
multiplication and division of rational numbers. Finding the rational
number between two rational number. Ratio and Proportion - definition,
properties, aterments, inuertends, componendo, etc. and their uses.
Simultaneous equation, (a + b) (a + b), (a - b) (a - b), (a + b) (a - b)
related quetions. Arithmetic progression - Definition, general (n th) term
and sum of n terms, arthmetic mean. Commercial Mathematics -
Banking, calculation of interest on/in savings account, fixed deposit
account and recurring deposit account. Calculation of income tax (for
salaried person and excluding house rent allowance). Factorization,
LCM and HCM.
Section 2 - Coordinate Geometry : Distance between two points,
proportional division of a line (section formula), area of triangle, condition
of co-linearity of three points. Trigonometry - Measure of angles in the
sexagesimal. contesimal and circular systems, relation between arc,
radius and central angle. Proof of the trigonometrical ratios of
complementary angles - sin(90° - é) = cos é, cos(90° - é) = sin é,
tan(90° - é) = cot é, cot(90° - é) = tan é, sec(90° - é) = cosec é,
cosec(90° - é) = sec é and related questions. Mensuration - Surface
area and volume of prism, cylinder, cone and sphere. Similar triangles,
circls and geometrical consitructions.
Section 3 - Binary digit system, change in binary number to decimal
number and decimal number to binary number. Algorithm method -
meaning and quality, indefinate, definate, input and output, effectiveness.
Averages - arithmatic, geomatric and harmonic meance, median, mode,
pie-chart. Probability. Vedic Mathematic, additional, subtraction,
multiplication, devision and checking the answer - square, square roots,
cube roots, vinculam and its application, the application of vedic
mathematics methods in algebra. Introduction and contribution of Indian
Mathematition (Aryabhata, Varaha mihira, Brahma gupta,
Bhaskaracharya, Shrinivas Ramanujan).
Section 4 - Data Analysis - Mathematical operation Basic numeracy
(numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude etc.), Datainterpretation
 (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc.) and analysis
of data. Applied mathematics - Profit and Loss, Percentage, Interest
and averages. Time, speed, distance, river and boat.
Section 5 - Logical Resonint - Analog Test, Odd word, Odd pair of
words, Coding & Decoding Test, Relation Test, Alphabet Test,
Mathematical Operations, Logical analysis of words, Inserting the
missing number or word, Assertion and Reason, Situation reaction test,
Figure series, Deletion of elements, General Mental ability.
Philosophy and Sociology
(Marks 200, Duration 3 hours)
SECTION-01 - Indian Philosophy and Yog - Nature or Philosophy,
its relation with life, science and culture. Nature and scope of philosophy
and religion. Unity and universality of religions, religious tolerance and
secularism, comprative study of Indian and Western Philosophy. Yoga
Philosophy (Yog Darshan), Ashtang yog - Yam, Niyam, Aasan,
Pranayam, Pratyahar, Dharna, Dhyan and Samadhi. Effect of aasan
and pranayam on human health.
SECTION-02 - Sociology - Sociology- Meaning, Scope and nature,
Importance of its study. Relation with other Social Sciences. Primary
Concepts - Society, Community, Association, Institution, Social group,
Folkways and Mores. Individual and Society - Social interactions,
Status and role, Culture and Personality, Sociolization. Hindu Social
Organization - Religion, Asharm, Varna, Purusharth. Social Stratification
- Caste and Class. Social Processes - Social Interaction, Co-operation,
Struggle, Competition. Social Control and Social Change - Sources
and agencies of Social Control, Processes and factors of Social Change.
Indian Social Problems, Social disorganization-Anomie and Alienation,
Inequality. Social Research and Techniques - Objective of Social
Research, Use of scientific method to study of Social Phenomena,
Problems of objectivity. Tools and techniques of data collection-
Observation, Interview, Questionnaire, Schedule.
SECTION-03 - Tribes of Chhattisgarh - Tribal social organization :
Marriage, Family, Clan, youth dormitories. Tribal Development : History,
Programmes and Policies, The Constitutional Safeguards, Special
Primitive Tribes of Chhattisgarh, Other Tribes, Schedule Cast and Other
Backword Class of Chhattisgarh. Main Ornaments popular in tribes of
Chhattisgarh, Special traditions. Tribal Problems : Isolation Migration
and acculturation.
SECTION-04 - Art of Chhattisgarh - Folk arts of Chhattisgarh, Folk
literature and Prominent Folk Artists of Chhattisgarh, Folk songs of
Chhattisgarh, Folk legend, Folk theater, Idioms and Proverbs, Puzzle/
riddle (tuÅyk), Singing (gkuk), Literary, Music and Art Institutions of
Chhattisgarh, Chhattisgarh State awards and Regards in these fields.
SECTION-05 - Culture of Chhattisgarh - Folk culture, Chief Fares
and Festivals of Chhattisgarh. Major Archaeological Center -
Bhoramdev, Mallhar, Deepadih, Maheshpur, Sirpur, Rajim, Matku
Dwip, Sivrinarayan, Taala, Pachrahi, Barshur, Tourism Centre -
Chitrakot, Amritdhara, Mainpart, Dongarhgarh, Girodhpuri,
Damakheda, Ramjharna, Turri Dham, Damohdehra, Dantewada,
Ratanpur, Madwarani, Chandrapur, Ghatarani, etc., National Park,
Sanctuaries and Water falls and caves of Bastar, Prominent sants of